In France, age of retirement is progressively increasing to take into account enhance of life expectancies. For some arduous jobs, deals are contracted by industrial activities to give the alternative to retire precociously. Especially, a collective agreement allows drivers who have worked for more than 25 years in freight transport by road and removal services to retire at 55. Many other drivers are excluded from this deal, so we discuss about its equitability.
Data were extracted from the French national database “Evrest”, constituted by questioning employees born in October of even years. “Evrest” is a monitoring system, based on a two pages questionnaire. Responses collected by medical doctors were provided by the self-assessments of employees about their working conditions and health. In 2009-2010, among the 23870 workers interviewed, 1066 were drivers: 485 truck drivers, 239 drivers of passenger land transportation, 233 delivery drivers and 109 other drivers. We compared drivers potentially concerned (drivers working in freight transport by road and removal services, called PC drivers) to all other drivers.
There were 376 PC drivers, among whom 85% truck drivers and 13% delivery drivers. Working time characteristics of the 2 groups were similar, except that PC drivers more often worked between midnight and 5 am (44% vs 22%) and went on the road more than 24h (38% vs 7%). Time constraints were similar, except for skip a meal or a break (37% for PC drivers, 28% for others) and tasks interruptions (respectively 11% and 17%). Physical strains were not significantly different in these 2 groups, except for repetitive tasks, more frequent for other drivers. Lastly, health complaints of PC and other drivers, at the same age, were not significantly different.
Our results suggest that various aspects about work and health are not so different between PC or other drivers.