Resilience expresses psychosocial traits for maintaining mental health. The purpose of this study is to clarify the effects of resilience on the relationship between experiences of serious psychological impact and the mental health status of female workers in their 20s.
Our study was a longitudinal web-based investigation about the mental health status of female workers in their 20s in Japan. The baseline (B) was carried out during June 2009, and the follow-up (F) was conducted during February 2010. The total number of participants was 281. We investigated the 12-item general health questionnaire (GHQ-12), resilience scales (RS), and serious psychosocial life events (Psychological Impact).
A two-way ANOVA was used for the analysis. The dependent variable was F GHQ-12, and the independent variables were B RS and psychological impact. Classifications of B RS were low (in the lower 25th percentile)/moderate (26-74th percentile)/high (higher than the 75th percentile), and psychological impact was experienced/not-experienced.
Data were analysed using SPSS17.0J.This study was approved by the ethics committee.
The division of low B RS was 69, 135 were moderate, and 77 were high. The results of the two-way ANOVA is as follows: there was no interaction on B RS and Psychological Impact,but the main effect of B RS and psychological impact was also significant (p< 0.0001,0.001).
With regard to female workers’ mental health, there was no effect from interaction that was classified as resilience and experiences of psychological impact. It was suggested that mental health status was as bad as the resilience of the past, which scored low, and participants who experienced psychological impact were worse regarding their mental health status. Thus, it seems that supportive counseling is appropriate for workers who experienced psychological impact or fostering resilience to promote interchange with others, and encouragement of hope was important in the role of occupational health.